The chance of serious injuries or death in any accident involving a motor vehicle is high. When that accident involves a pedestrian, the chances increase dramatically. In the United States, pedestrian deaths caused by automobiles are on the rise. This is mostly attributed to the increase in the number of Americans who are walking as a means of transportation and exercise. Due to this rise in pedestrian accidents, state legislatures are toughening the laws regarding motorists yielding and stopping for pedestrians in hopes of decreasing the number of auto-pedestrian accident incidents.